European immigrants under 30 could have access a special two-year visa to work in the United Kingdom after Brexit. This comes after the request by Home Secretary Amber Rudd to the Migration Advisory Committee, to review the economic costs and benefits of EU migration and examine possible border controls.
In the results published this week, the committee proposed to give preferential treatment to younger immigrants as a way to boost the British economy. The report suggests a model similar to what other countries like Australia, New Zealand or Canada already have, where there is more flexibility with the immigration of temporary workers under the age of 30.
It said: ‘There are a number of reasons for this - younger migrants have a longer working life ahead of them so have a higher chance of making a net positive contribution to the public finances, and they are perhaps considered to assimilate more successfully.’ This new scheme could offer young people similar rights to free movement.
However, this does not affect the rights of the 3.2 million EU citizens already living in the UK, who will be allowed to stay after Brexit. But rather it suggests that, after Brexit, younger migrants interested in coming here could be prioritized. The report also raises the possibility of a points-based system for immigrants after Brexit, with many businesses expressing their concern once freedom of movement with the rest of Europe ends.
Temporary work visas and high-skilled immigration
The report also points to the possibility of restricting low-skilled immigration in favor of in-demand skilled workers: “The economic literature suggests that migrants are more likely to have beneficial economic effects when they have different skills from the resident population.”
Other measures considered by the committee include ‘sectoral schemes,' where limits would be placed on the number of workers allowed to come to the UK in different industries, a seasonal worker schemes. However, migrants could not necessarily use this to settle permanently in the UK.
Ms Rudd laid out the Government’s proposals in a letter to the committee looking at migration, in which she said that after the transition period, the UK would find a new relationship with the EU.
“We will move to the third phase, which will be our long-term arrangements covering the migration of EU citizens, designed according to economic and social needs at the time, and reflecting our future deep and special partnership with the EU.
“The Government will want to ensure that decisions on the long-term arrangements are based on evidence. The commission that we are now asking the (Migration Advisory Committee] to undertake is very much part of this.”